Difference between heart attack, cardiac arrest, and stroke

Life happens in a way that you have no guarantee at all whether someone will live it up to tomorrow or not. In some circumstances you can actually decide that for another person by identifying his/her symptoms and acting quickly. No Label Business Magazine presents you the differences between three main death causing conditions that will one day will be happy you read about.

Heart attack – a circulation related problem

By definition: a sudden and sometimes fatal occurrence of coronary thrombosis, typically resulting in the death of part of a heart muscle.

What this really means is that a heart attack happens when oxygenated blood stops pumping into the heart. The blood that’s full of oxygen cannot get to a part of the muscle, causing it to die.

Symptoms to look for:

  1. Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. It lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.
  2. Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
  3. Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
  4. Other signs such as breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.
  5. As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain.

In a heart attack, the heart continues to beat.

Cardiac Arrest – an electrical related problem

By definition: a sudden, sometimes temporary, cessation of function of the heart.

A heart is not only a pumping muscle but an electrical organ that transfers electrical impulses throughout the heart causing the heart chambers open and close so that the blood can be pumped. During cardiac arrest, the ventricles don’t beat normally causing uneven and irregular heartbeats, which in its turn causes the heart to stop.

Symptoms to look for:

  1. Collapse
  2. Fainting
  3. Lightheadedness
  4. Racing heartbeat
  5. Shortness of breath
  6. Chest pain

In a cardiac arrest, the heart stops beating completely.

Stroke – a brain disorder

By definition: Damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply.

Stroke is an attack on the brain. The brain is the part of the body that gets the most blood supply than any other organ in the body. During stroke oxygenated blood ways get cut off the some brain parts and the cells die, causing the whole brain death if the symptoms are not identified sooner and immediate medical assistance is not provided.

Symptoms to look for:

  1. Difficulty walking, paralysis with weak muscles, problems with coordination, stiff muscles, overactive reflexes, or paralysis of one side of the body,
  2. Balance disorder, fatigue, lightheadedness, or vertigo,
  3. Blurred vision, double vision, sudden visual loss, or temporary loss of vision in one eye,
  4. Difficulty speaking, slurred speech, or speech loss, facial muscle weakness or numbness, difficulty swallowing, headache, inability to understand, mental confusion, or rapid involuntary eye movement.

 

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